After entering into the Islamic Fold or
community by accepting the Faith (Eiman) as heart and
pronouncing the said Faith through verbal declaration Four
Fundamental modes of worship (Ibadat) become obligatory in every
Muslim. These are (1) The Salaat or Namaz, (2) Sayam (Fasting),
(3)Zakaat (Poor-rate) and (4) Hajj (Pilgrimage) to Holy Lord of
Mecca and Madina.
The Performance of Haj begins with the observance of the
prescribed process laid down in this behalf in letters and
spirit the very first essential part is to enter the Holy Land
of Mecca by wearing the Ahram (Un stitched) long piece of cloth
(preferably cotton) form the fixed places and on entering the
inner limits of Khana-e-Kaaba (also known as Haram Sharif) the
intending pilgrim (Haji) must go (at least seven times) round
the Holy Kaaba, known as Tawaf (literal meaning is going round
and round) followed by the normal paced running up and down
between the famous hillocks of Safa and Merwa (or Sa'ee) with
these initial rituals being fulfilled the Hajis make a
compulsory stop over and stay at the Maidan-e-Arafat (near
Mecca). This is the most obligatory part and procedure of the
Hajj. Further details of these and other rituals and ceremonies
shall be declare in the following. The Deseriptim, so far only
constitutes the introduce to the great and more elaborate
procedures and processes of Hajj.
As soon as a person becomes eligible for Hajj, it becomes
obligatory for him to undertake this pilgrimage at the first
available opportunity. A delay in the connection will amount to
commit a run and if he fails to discharge this obligator
continuously for years, he will be deemed a sinner (and liable
to punishment) in the eyes of Allah and his evidence will not be
worth reliance. However there is no Qaza (compensating an
obligation -Farz- at a later date) at whatever time he performs
Hajj it will be adjudged as having been performed in time (Ada).
Time for Hajj The time for Hajj is from the month of shawwal
(10th month of Hijri calender)till the 10th of Zil Hajj (the
12th and the last month of Hijri calendar). Before shawwal and
after 10th Zil Hajj the Hajj is not permissible except Ahram
which can be performed before this, but this is makrooh.
Conditions for Hajj There are eight (8) conditions for the Hajj
which must be all present at the time of performing Hajj to make
the Hajj, Farz (obligatory). These conditions are:
(1) To be a Musalman.
(2) To be major in age(Baligh).
(3) Possessing normal sensibility (Aqal). Note Hajj is not Farz
on a person who is mentally deranged.
(4) To be independent or Free (not a slave)
(5) In good health to go to the Hajj and perform various rites
etc with fortitude. NOTE: Hajj is not obligatory on a
handicapped person, a blind and one whose legs have been
WIMPUTED, or one who is so old and DECEXPIT who is unable to sit
a right on a carriage of riding animal.
(6) He should possess enough resources and be capable to BEAR
THE TO AND FOR expenses of Hajj (it means that before proceeding
for Hajj he should leave sufficient money for the household
expenses in his absence after meeting all expenses such as
travel ,transport, stay at the Holy Places etc ; this means the
money/resources left at home should SUFFREE the expenses for a
moderate clan of family, which he used to support and eater for
the needs of his own family and those dependent on him for their
essential necessities, known as Hajjat-e-Asliyah which includes
the living accommodation clothes of normal use, servants, riding
animals, vocational implements, cooking and eating material,
borrowings or dues such as loan or dowry.
(7) Time: Hajj shall become obligatory at such at time if before
proceeding for Hajj he possesses such amount of money that will
cover his expenses up to Mecca Moazzama and back to be there at
the time of Hajj.
PROBLEM:-For a lady traveler for Hajj if the time distance is of
3 days or more then she must be accompanied by a *Mahram,
*Mahram:the man with whom the marriage of the woman is
prohibited (Haram) for ever, whether it may be on account of
family line age (such as father, son, uncle, brother) or an
account of foster age (Raza-at like foster brother, foster
father, foster son) P.T.O.
she may be young or old, if the woman travels without any Mahram,
she will be committing an act against the law of the Shariat,
but if she performs the Hajj without Mahram, the Hajj will be an
order and the Farz will be fulfilled.
PROCEDURE OF HAJJ
On entering the Holy Land of Mecca and on coming near the *MEEQAT,
the intending pilgrim should perform Wazu (ablution) and Ghus'l
(Bath), apply perfume and put on the**Ahram, offer two rakats of
Nafil with the intent (Niyat) of Ahram and after this recited
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! I desire to (perform) Hajj, so make it
easy for me and accept it from me; I have made intent (Niyat)
for the Hajj and have put on Ahram specially for Almighty Allah.
After this he must recite "Lab'baik in a loud voice (at least
three times at a stretch). The full Text of Lab'baik is this
After reciting Lab'baik, he should recite
Durood Shareef and read this prayer (Dua')
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! I beseech Your Pleasure and the Paradise;
and I seek Your Refuge from Your Wrath and the Fire (of Hell)."
or it may be on account of relation based on in-law ties (Susrali)
like father in law, son of the husband etc).
*Meeqat:Meeqat is the place from where no person preceding to
Mecca Sharif should go without `Ahram'. These are five different
places in the vicinity of Haram Sharif (Holy Kaba). For persons
of the sub-continent of traveling by sea is YALAMOLAM beside the
mountain.This place comes through Kamraan and enter the ocean.
When the Port Jeddah comes within two or three mile posts (Manzil),
the crew of the ship shout loudly informing the people to put on
**Ahram:Unstitched long piece of cloth, popularly known as `Tahband'
or `Tahmad' (long single piece of cloth worn round the waist,
mostly by men folk) and another piece of cloth of Chadar. The
Tahband should be worn in the normal way, while the chadar
should be placed in such a way that it covers both the
shoulders, the back and the chest completely.
PROBLEM:-While in a state of Ahram it is not permissible that
one wears a stitched cloth.(NOTE:This ends the foot note of the
page and carrier over as above. Other points of mentioned as
foot note on the page no.178 of the Book have been incorporate
in the running text, resumed here below)
Then moving forward he should recite Lab'baik loudly at least
thrice at a time on each occasion when he recites 'Lab'baik. The
rehearsal of Lab'baik should be repeated at every turn of
movement while offering prayer or changing states, almost
incessantly while engaged or disengaged in religious activities.
In broad outlines, these occasions are: except from while making
Tawaf round the Holy Kaaba, the invocation of Lab'baik should
continued countlessly tell the rite of `Rami Jumra' (stoning the
devil satan), especially on climbing and coming down the hills
(or other elevated places of movements in the Mecca Sharif),
meeting of two caravans morning and evening. Last part of the
night and after each of the five compulsory prayers; in short at
every turn of events or movements in prayers, with or without
ablution. Men talk should recite Lab'baik in a loud voice, but
not so loud so as to disturb others, while the women should
recite the `Labbaik' in a soft voice.
This is the state of Ahram; one should avoid doing or committing
a things which are forbidden during the state of Ahram. All
around Mecca Sharif for many miles there are forests in which
shrubs, plants and trees grow, there are tracts green grass in
scattered spaces which are separated from one another by
boundary walls. Within these bounded tracks it is forbidden to
pluck green grass, cut down the mushroom grown trees or plants
to tease the wild animals grazing or living there. All this is
haram. The safety and regard for the animals of the Haram Sharif
is that if a gazelle, commonly known as deer be sitting under
the shade of tree for rest while there is unfenced hot and sun
shine around, it is forbidden to drive away the animal simply to
take its place for shade and comfort. If some one brings a wild
animal within the limits of the Haram Sharif, the same becomes
sacred and it should be freed at once. There are many untamed or
wild pigeons in Mecca Moazzama. These pigeons are also found
living in domestic places, at times scattering their refuse on
the ground floor of the house. Whatever their movements in and
around the dwelling places, but its absolute forbidden to tease
the a drive away these pigeons. Some people coming from nearby
places do not have the affection for these pigeons. This is
undesirable, these poor creatures should be left to themselves,
they should not be teased or harassed out of ignorance or
dislike. It is worth considering that when the wild animals of
Mecca Mokarrama are given so much regard the worth are status of
human life and honor can be very well realized. All these things
which have been described here are not exclusive while one in a
state of Ahram; on the other these are general ever lasting
principle applicable in all conditions whether a persons is with
Ahram or otherwise.
Coming back to our main topic of Hajj when a person has gone on
this extremely sacred mission. When the intending pilgrim comes
near the Haram Sharif, he should proceed with due reverence and
respect, head bowed down and eyes fixed on the ground, which are
the outward signs of humanity and devotion. It is still more
humble and respectful if the persons walks barefoot, repeating
the `Labbaik'and the one as much as possible. When he approaches
the Haram Sharif and his eyes fall on the Mecca Moazzama (Khana
Kaaba) he should pause for a while; he should recite the
following `Dua' at the first sight of the Holy Kaba.
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! grant me comfort by
(the blessing of) this, (The Sacred House of Kaaba) and grant me
subsistence and pure and clean livelihood in this (Holy Place).
The Durood Sharif should also be recited as much as possible. It
is preferable that the man should enter the city after washing
and purifying himself with a bath and when he entered the
Jammat-ul-Mualla he should pray for the departed souls who are
buried these. After this, when he begins to enter the Mecca
Sharif he should recites this dua;
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! You are my Lord sustainer and I am Your
After going a little further ahead when he reaches Mud'aa he
should stop here and after waiting a little here, he should pray
with utmost humility and solemnity for the welfare and
prosperity for himself, his Kith and kin, friends and all the
muslim ummah, the dua should also include Divine mercy for
forgiveness of sins and admittance in the Paradise without
accountability on the Day of Judgement. This is the moment of
acceptance of prayers in the Presence of Allah the Almighty.
Recitation of Durood Sharif as much as he can, is very effective
at this place and on this occasion, he must repeat "Allaho Akbar"
and `La ila ha Ill llah' three times each and recite the
following prayer (in Arabic)
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! Grant us beneficence in this world and in
the Hereafter and protect us form the punishment of the Fire (of
Hell). O Allah! I beseech You of the welfare which Your Prophet
Muhammad (Sallalla ho Alaihe wa Sallam) besought of You; and I
seek You Refuge from the Evil which Your Prophet Muhammad (Sallalla
ho Alaiha wa Sallam) sought Refuge form."
He should also recite this Dua;
He should also recite this comprehensive `dua' at least three
times at the place;
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! This is Your House and I am Your slave. I
beseech You of forgiveness and security in the world and the
Hereafter for myself, my parents, and for all Momineen, men and
women, for Your slave Shamsuddin. O Allah! grant him victory, a
grand victory (Amin)".
He should then move forward and when he reaches Mecca Muazamma,
he should first of all enter the Masjid-e-Har'am, remembering
Allah and His Apostle all the time and praying for the success
and prosperity of all the Musalman, in the world and in the
Hereafter. Reciting `Lab'baik' he should approach Bab-us-Satam
and kissing the threshold he must put right foot forward and
enter the Haram Sharif and recite this Dua,
Remember this dua by heard and whenever you happen to enter
Mashid-ul-Haram (or any other masjid), recite this dua or
prayer; and add the following phrases in this dua,
TRANSLATION:-"O Allah! You are Satam (security) and form You is
security- peace and the peace returns to Your presence
(ultimately). O our Lord! keep us alive with security and admit
us in the Paradise (Daras Satam - the Abode of peace). O our
Lord! You are full of Blessing and Highly Elevated, O the Lord
with Grandeur and Beneficence. O Allah! This is Your Haram and
the Place of Your peace. Forbid and deter the Fire for the Hell
to on engulf my flesh, my skin, my face, my blood, my brain and
my bones. (Amin)
SKETCH OF KABA SHARIF
When the sight (eye) falls on the Kaaba Sharif, he should recite
"La' ila' ha Il lul la'ho, Wol Laho Akbar" three times, then the
Durood Sharif and this Dua'
He should start `Tawaf' (going round the Khana-e-Kaaba) in the
Name of Almighty Allah. The `Tawaf' in the fixed limits known as
Mutafa or the place of Tawaf should begin from the Hajar-e-Aswad
in the way that when approaches Hajar-e-Aswad, he should recite
this prayer (dua),
TRANSLATION:-There is no god but Allah. The One, He made His
Promise True and He helped His (Apostle) servant (against the
infidels) and vanquished their forces. He is Absolutely One, He
has no Associate ( in His Godhood), The rule of the world
belongs to Him, all Praise is due to Him and He has Power (and
Authority) over every things.
Before starting Tawaf (going round) of the Kaaba Sharif he must
Then keeping his face at the Kaaba at the right side of the
Hajar-e-Aswad, he should stand by the Rukn-e-Yaman in such a way
that the full view of Hajar-e-Aswas remains at his right hand.
Now he must make the Niyat (intent) of the Tawaf saying.
("O Allah! I intend to make Tawaf of Your sacred House, so make
it easy for me and accept it from me.")
After the Niyat keeping the face towards the Kaaba, he should
move on the right side and when he reaches Hajar-e-Aswad, he
should raise his hands up to the ears and opening the palms
towards Hajar-e-Aswad he should recite
Now, if it is possible, he should try keeping his palms at the
sides of the Hajar-e-Aswad, to kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad in a soft
reverential manner without make sound of his kiss. He should do
this three times. If he succeeds to touch the Hajar-e-Aswad with
his lips, then he must regard himself a most fortunate that he
is blessed with the Divine favor to allow him to kiss the
Hajar-e-Aswad to which the lips of the Holy Prophet Hazrat
Muhammad Mustafa -Sallallaho Alaihe Wa Sallam- had graced by
their holy touch over 1400 years ago. If on account the pressing
such he can not succeed to kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad, he should not
resort to push and move others to achieve his desire. If he can
touch the Hajar-e-Aswad by the hands, it is enough for him to
touch the Hajar-e-Aswad, and then kiss his own hands. If even
this is not possible to touch the sacred stone on account of
rush then he should keep his open palms towards the
Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss then feeling at heart had he is kissing
the Hajar-e-Aswad. This process of kissing is known as ISTILAAM
(presenting and conveying the good wishes of salaam). At the
time of ISTILAAM, he should recite the following prayers (dua):
(" O Allah! Forgive me of my sins and purify my heart and expand
my breast and make easy my affair and give me protection and
those whom You gave protection"). Then he should recite,
(" O Allah! I affair my Eiman with You, and testify the Truth of
Your Book (The Holy Quran) and fulfill The Promise with You and
obey and follow the sunnat of Your Prophet Muhammad - Sallallaho
Alaihe Wa Sallam - and bear witness that there is no god but
Allah The only One, there is associate with Aim, and I bear
witness that Muhammad (Sallahllaho Alaihe Wa Sallam) Abid and
apostle. I affirm my Eiman with Allah and denounce (reject) the
and the Devil saying this he should proceed towards the door
(exit) of the Kaaba and while doing so when he has passed by
the Hajar-e-Aswad, he should stand erect and walk in such a way
that the Kaaba remains on his left hand. While walking he should
not ease inconvenience to any one, he should remain as close to
the Kaaba as possible, without touching the cover of the Kaaba
by his body or the clothes, when he comes in front of the
MULTAZIM, he should recite this dua:
TRANSLATION:- O Allah! This House is Your House, and The Sacred
Place of Your Sacred Place, and The Peace of Your Peace and this
is Your Place of protection from the Fire (of Hell), so protect
me from the Fire (of Hell). O Allah! give me contentment with
what Your have provide me and grant blessing (and affluence) in
it and I pray in absence of those who are not present. There is
no god but Allah the One, there is none to associate Him, The
governance of the Universe belongs to Him, all Praise is due to
Him, and He has Power (and Authority) over every thing.
When he comes in front of the Rukn-e-Arafi, he should recite
(O Allah! I seek Your refuge form prevarication (skepticism) and
infidelity (disbelief),and when he comes in front of
MEEZAAB-E-RAHMAT, he should recite the following dua,
(O Allah! Give me shade below the Shade of
Your Throne on the Day when there is no Shade except Your shade
and nothing shall survive except Your countenance and make me
drink from the Pond of Your Apostle Muhammad -Sallallaho Alaihe
wa Sallam- the sweet drink after which there shall be thirst for
And when he reaches RUKN-E-SHAMI, he should recite the following
( O Allah! Make this as Hajj-e-Mabroor (Rule of Goodness and
Blessing) and the endeavor (worthy) of Thankfulness and the
trade/business where there is no loss O one Who Knows what is in
the heart (breast). Take me away from the darkness towards the
And when he comes to the RUKNE-E-YAMANI, he should touch it with
both hands or only the right hand, he may also kiss at if he so
desire; he should recite this prayer;
(O Allah! I beseech Your Forgiveness and Security in this world
and in the Hereafter).
Just ahead of the RUKNE-E-YAMANI there is mustajab. Here he may
recite the above mentioned dua or recite,
or he may only recite Durood Sharif.(NOTE: At this place or at
all those places where he prays for himself he may preferable
recite only Durood Sharif instead of other prayers/duas. Dua,
Durood etc should not be recited very loudly).
Now after turning round the aforesaid places he comes back to
Hajar-e-Aswad again. This is One Full Circuit. Even at this
place he must offer Istilam at the Hajar-e-Aswad. In this way he
do six more rounds or Tawaf of the Kaaba, to make the total
circuits seven in number. In the first three rounds he must also
do `Ramal', when he completes seven rounds, it means he has
performed One Tawaf. This is known as `Tawaf-e-Qudoom'. After
Tawaf he should come to Maqam-e-Ibrahim, here after reciting the
verse; he should offer two rakats of Namaz-e-Tawaf. This is
In the first rakat of Namaz-e-Tawaf he should recite
and in the second rakat
After the Namaz-e-Tawaf he may recite the following `dua' which
is mentioned in the Hadees;
( O Allah! You know my secrets and open apparent things of mine,
therefore accept my excuse You know my needs therefore grant my
requests (baggings); You know what is in my self, so forgive my
sins. O Allah! I beg you of Eiman (asa) pleasure of my heart and
the true certainly. You know only that will befall me what You
have written (ordained) for me and make my livelihood
(subsistence) as a means of contentment for me what You have
for me O the most merciful of the merciful ones).
Now after Namaz and dua he should go to the Multazim and embrace
the Multazim near the Hajar-e-Aswad place. The chest and both
the cheeks on the Multazim, spread both his arms raising over
the head and testing on the wall or put the right hand at the
side of the door of the Kaaba and the left hand stretched
towards the Hajar-e-Aswad and recite this dua;
after embracing Multazim, he should come to well of Zamzam. If
it possible, he should draw one bucket of water from the well of
Zamzam himself, otherwise he may get the water from some other
person and keeping his face towards he should drink Zamzam as
much as he can in three breaths, in standing posture. Every
fresh drink he should begin with `Bismillah' and finish with `Alhamdo
Lillah' keeping has eyes each time on the Kaaba or at least have
a glance at it. The remaining water he may pour on his body or
wash his hands, face and continue reciting `dua' while engaged
in this process. The Holy Prophet (Allah's grace and peace be
upon him) has said that `dua' at this time is accepted in the
Presence of Almighty Allah. He has also said that the Zamzam is
a cure for any ailment when it is sought with due faith in it.
The dua prescribed at this moment is this;
(O Allah! I beseech You The Knowledge which is Beneficial, the
subsistence which is vast (abundant) and the Deed which is worth
acceptance (and reward) and The Cure for all diseases (ailments)
or the all embracing due quoted earlier). It is also blissful to
look into the Well of Zamzam from above the ground it also
removes, removes rancor and hyperisy from the heart.
Now, if he is not tired and willing to engage himself for the
Sa'ee literally meaning endeavor or attempt but in the context
of Hajj it is a ritual which is undertaken by way of brisk
walking or balanced running on the hills of Safa and Marwa.
Before proceeding for the Sa'ee he should come to the
Hajar-e-Aswad kiss it if he can manage otherwise keeping the
face to it he should recite "Allaho Akbar Wa Laila ha Il lul Lah
Wal Hamdo Lillah"
and repeating the Durood Sharif he must move to the Hill of Safa
passing through the Gate of Safa (while coming from the door of
masjid he should first take the left foot out and while using
shoes or any footwear) put in the right foot first. This is the
procedure to he followed always and at all places while coming
out from the masjid, rehearsing the usual due.
Remembering Allah and reciting Durood Sharif he should climb the
first stairs and stay thee for a moment and before raising foot
for the second stair, he should recite;
Then turning his face towards Kaba, raising both his hands upto
his shoulders and stretching them (hands) apart, he should pause
there for such a length of time which wowed take rehearsing 35
verses of the Surah Baqarah, repeating durood, tasbeeh, tahleel
(Kalama-e-Tayyebat), he should pray for one's own self, his
parents, friends kith and kin and the Ummate Muslimah. This is
the place and occasion when prayers are heard and granted by the
After the Dua he should make niyat (intent) for the Sa'ee. The
Niyat for the sa'ee is this:
(O Allah! I intend doing Sa'ee between Safa and Marwah, so make
it easy for me and accept it from me).Then coming down from the
Safa, he should more towards Marwa reciting verses and Durood
and he covers the distance of the first mile, he should start
running and continue running a little beyond the second mile,
then walk slowly and reciting rites without stopping should go
upto Marwa and here climbing the first step signifies going up
the Merwa, but he should not recline against the wall (which is
the practice of the ignorant people). Here on account of new
structures the view of Kaba is not possible, yet the face should
he towards Kaba, repeating and reciting rites prayers (dua)
Durood Sharif as usual. This completes the first round of the
From here he should again move to Safa will all the rituals and
recitals as in the first instance, when he reaches the mile of
Marwa he should start running till he passes the Mile of Safa,
he should then slow down and climb the Safa. This completes the
second round. Similarly again from Merwa to Safa, this is the
fourth round. In this way he should complete the fifth, the
sixth and the seventh rounds. This Endeavor (running) is known
as Sa'ee, starting from Safa and ending at Marwa. In between tow
miles there shall be seven times running.
After the Saee he should stay at Mecca till the 8th of Zil-Hajj
and continue reciting `Labbaik' in a simple manner without
ISTABA, Ramial or Sa'ee and on completion of every seventh round
(of Tawaf) he should two Rakats of Nafil at Maqam-e-Ibrahim on
the seventh when the Imam delivers sermon (Khutba) after Zohar
he should attend and listen to it. On the eight (8th) after the
sun-rise he should move from Mecca to Mina, reciting Labbaik,
dua through out the way. When Mina comes to sight, he should
(O Allah! This is Mina so grant me the favor of grace and peace
with which You have favored Your Friends. After reaching Mina he
should stay here for the night. From this day at Zohar till the
morning of 10th he should all the prayers at Mina, alongwith
Durood and other rites (Azkaar, Dua etc) At the break if down in
*: Here also the hands should be kept in the same as they are
kept after in the Namaz, that is the palms should be towards the
sky, hand outstretched right in front of the breast. Nothing
against this as some persons doing Tawaf are seen doing this.
the 9th, he should offer the Fajar Prayer, busying himself
thereafter in Durood etc like the sun shines on the hillock of
Shaheer where at he should move to Arafat, reciting once again `Labbaik',
Durood other rite on the way. As soon as Jabal-e-Rahmat appears
he should increase the recitals (Labbaik, Durood, Dua) because
this is the place and occasion of the acceptance of prayers.
On reaching Arafat he must no cause inconvenience to any one and
sit at the place which he gets, except that he should sit at a
place which is not the passage for others to move along. At noon
he should take bath, it is Sunnate Muakkidah. If the bath is not
possible, Wazu or ablution will be enough. As soon as the sun
declines the Zenith, he must go to Masjid-e-Namrah and after
offering sunnat prayer he should listen to the Khutba (Sermon)
delivered by the Imam and offer the Zohar prayers behind the
Imam. Immediately thereafter the Takbeer for the Asr prayer will
be announced which prayer should be offered behind the Imam.
There is no question of indulging in personal or other matters
in between Zohar and Asr which is the period of intense devotion
in hearty recitiors of Durood, dua or other prayers. There is no
nafil or sunnat after Asr.
Immediately after the Asr prayers, he must hurry to the place of
stay `Mauqif' where it is ordained that the pilgrims should
proffer supplication to Allah alongwith Durood, Dua and other
rites. On this day, staying at Mauqif and keeping oneself in
prayers is the essence and spirit of the Hajj, which should
continue after the Asr till sunset. It is also one of the
cardinal part (ritual or Ruk'n) of the pilgrimage.
PROBLEM:- The time for Wuqoof is from the decline of the sun on
the 9th Zil Hajj till the morning of 10th. If any one makes
wuqoof at a time other than this, he will not gain the reward of
the Hajj, unless it the wuqoof at other time is on account of
difference of moon-sight.
He should go to MUZDALFAH immediately after the sunset in the
company of the Imam. If the Imam delays his departures, the
pilgrim should not wait for him and reach MUZDALFAH, reciting
Labbaik, dua and Durood throughout the journey. If possible, he
should with brisk paces. He may also avail any model of
conveyance or transport. But he must down the transport as soon
as MUZDALFAH comes to sight and cover the remaining distance on
foot, Beller still is that he should enter MUZDALFAH after a
bath (or Wazu). On entering MUZDALFAH he should recite the dua;
(O Allah! This is (the Place of) Gathering (of Ummah), so I
beseech You the Forgiveness and security in the World and the
After reaching here he should a light, a little away from
Jabal-e-Quzah (or Wherever inconvient). Here he should offer the
combined Prayers of Maghrib and Isha, even if the time of
Maghrib prayer has passed; both these prayers shall be offered
as regular prayers (not Qaza, but `Ada' or in time) will clear
Niyats for both. First the Farz of Maghrib, then immediately
after the Farz of Asha, then the sunnat (prayers) of maghrib and
Isha, then the wits of Isha.
After these Namaz (prayers) the rest of the night should be
spent in Durood, Dua and Zikro Tasbeeh, because this is the most
auspicious time and the most auspicious place for the acceptance
of prayers in the Divine Presence.
The Morning Prayer (Namaz-e-Fajr_ should be offered at the early
hours after the break of down when it is still dark (because the
sun-rise is at least and hour later). After the Namaz-e-Fajr
there is another Wuqoof preferably on the hills of Mash'aril
Haraam it self or wherever the place is available down the skirt
of the hill or the valley or any other place at the Muhassar.
This wuqoof is similar to the wuqoot at Arafat, keeping oneself
in constant recitation of Labbaik, Durood and Dua. The time of
this wuqoof is from the break of the morning till is bright
after the sun-rise. One who does not come here at this hour, he
misses the Wuqoof.
Now when it is still for offering two rakats of namaz, he should
go to Mina in the company of the Imam. At this place he should
pick up seven small stones of the size of the date-seed, wash
them three time and keep them in his pockets. Through out the
way he must continue reciting `Labbaik, Durood and*Dua'.
PROBLEM:-At Arfat there is one Azan and two Takbeers of Iqamat
(arranging rows people for offering the salat or namaz) for the
salats of Zohar and Asr, while at MUZDALFAH there is one Azan
and one Takbeer (Iqamat) for Maghrib and Isha.
When he reaches the valley of Muhassar he
should pass by very briskly, reciting this dua;
(O Allah! Do not Kill us with Your wrath and do not destroy us
by Your affliction and grant us security before this).
When Mina comes to sight, he should recite this dua (which has
already been quoted above)
(O Allah! This is Mina so grant me the Favor of Grace and peace
with which You have Favoured Your Friends).
On reaching Mina, before doing anything else, he must first
go to JAMRATUL AQABAH. He should stand at least 5 to 6 feet away
*: He should also recite this dua;
O Allah! Unto You I and I feel fear of Your Punishment and unto
You I come back and I feel fright so accept my sacrifice and
magnify my reward and have mercy at my humility and accept my
repentance and grant my prayers.
from Jamra in such a way that he is at the central place (or in
between) the Mecca Muazzama and the first Nala in the drain pipe
and by holding a stone in his fore finger and the thumb and
raising his arm high enough so that the while of the arm pit
become visible throw the stone (at the Jamra, commonly known as
Satan or Shaitan) while reciting the following dua;
(In the Name of Allah, Great is Allah, I strike Shaitan to
please Rehman (the Most Beneficent). O Allah! make this as the
Hajj-e-Mabroor and the Endeavor of Thankfulness and the
Forgiveness of sins).
It is better that the stones strike of 3, 4 feet from the
1Jamrah. If the distance of the fall of the stone is move than
this, it is not to be counted. In this way he must throw seven
stone pieces, one by one. He should stop reciting `Labbaik' at
the strike of the very first stone. When he finishes 2Rami
(stoning the satan) he should not stay there any longer. He must
return at once, reciting dua and rites.
After the Rami comes the stage of 3Sacrifice (Qurbani). Which he
must perform. After this he must pray to Almighty Allah for the
acceptances of Hajj by himself and those from all the muslims
who have fulfilled the obligations in this behalf.
After the sacrifice, he should sit facing the Qibla (Kaba) and
have his entire shaven (known as HALQ) or trim the hair (as he
may desire), but shaving the head is more beneficial and
blissful. But shaving of head is forbidden (Haram) for the
women, they may just have their hair cut short by an inch or
two. The cut shaven or trimmed hair should be buried, similarly
thing which are usually removed from the person such as nail
etc. should also be buried. Here he must take care not to clip
the nail or shave the beard or most ache before the Halq
head). Otherwise dam will become hinding. (Dam stands for an
expiatory sacrifice of an animal for any lapse in the obligatory
rites etc). However, there is no expiation or dam for shaving
the beard and trimming the mostache after the shaving of head.
Rather it mustahab or desirable, yet shaving/shortening of beard
should is not he done as a respect for the beard in Islam while
shaving the head (HALQ) first the hair on the right side should
be cut, reciting "Allaho Akbar, Allaho Akbar Lailaha il lal Laho
1Jamrah:In between Mecca and Mina there are three pillars known
as Jamrah. The one which is near Mina is called`Jmarah the First
(OOLA) the central one is known as Jamra Wasta (center) and the
last one which is nearer Mecca is called Jamrat ul Aqabah.
2Rami: The time for Rami is form the 10th morning to the morning
of the 11th Zil Hij. However the sunnat is after the sunrise
till the Decline (Zawal).
3Sacrifice:This is not the Qurbani which is performed on the
occasion of Baqrid. IT is by way of Thanks going on account of
Haji. It is compulsory for the rich and Mustahab for the poor.
Akbar, Allaho Akbra,wa lil lahil Hamd.
often times during the Halq and also at the end, while having
the head shaver this dua may also be recited,
(All praise is due to Allah on what he guided us and send reward
to us and allowed us to fulfill the rites (etc). O Allah! This
forehead of mine is in Your Hand, so make all my hairs a Noor
(Divine Light) on the Day of Judgement, and remove evils from me
and as a reward of it elevate my status in the lofty Paradise. O
Allah! bless me in my self and accept (endeavors) of mine.
O Allah! forgive me and those who have shaven their heads and
trimmed their hairs, O with Vast Forgiveness).
And pray forgiveness for the entire Ummah. Now all things which
were forbidden on account of Ahram, now become permissible
except intercourse with wife (and lawful maid servants) to touch
or look as them in a luscious manner or their private parts
which are still haram or strictly un lawful.
Now after the hair-cut, it is better to reach Mecca on the 10th.
For the Faze (obligatory) Tawaf, this Tawaf is the second rukn
(ritual Obligation) of the Hajj. This Tawaf will be like the
Tawaf of the first occasion, but ow there shall be no ISTABAA.
After this two Rakats should be offered. Now the wives become
permissible or all the essential processes have been fulfilled,
declaring the completion of Hajj. This means that the Two main
Arakan (plural of rukn, the essential part of performance)
namely Woqoof and Tawaf have been accomplished.
But he has to turn to Mina to spend the 11th and 12th nights, it
is sunnat, as it is sunnat to stay here during the 10th night.
On the 11th after the Zohar prayer and the Khutba (sermon) of
the Imam he should go for Rami. In these days, the Rami should
begin with JAMRAH the First which is near the Masjid KHEEF. For
this Rami he should come by climbing the mounds at Mecca and
facing Qibla he should throw of stones as he has done in the
First Rami on the 10th. After the 7th stone he should move a
little of the Jumrah and facing Kaba he should raise hands for
the prayers (dua) in a manner that the palms remain towards the
Qibla and stay there for a time which may be needed for reciting
twenty verses of the Holy Quran reciting praise to Allah (Hamd,)
Durood and other dua.
Then he should move the central Jumrah or Jumrah Wasta for rami,
dua and durood as before. Then finally he should go to the
Jumrat ul Aqaba for rami, but he should not stay there, rather
return promptly reciting Durood, Dua etc on the way on the 12th.
Then on the 12th he should do Rami on the three *Jumrah and
*PROBLEM:- For Rami, tees than seven stone pieces in not (P.T.O)
for Mecca to reach there before on the sun set. He may return,
if he desires, on the 13th. If he does so he will have to do
Rami on that (13th) day after the decline of sun (Zawal-e-Aftab).
This is more bliss full. On the last day on the 12th or 13th
when he returns from Mina on way to Mecca, he should get down
from the carriage/animal at WADI MUHASSAB, which is situated
near JANNAT UL MUALLA, (or without alighting) he should stay
there for some time and pray for the departed souls. However it
is more blissful if he stays here till Isha and offer all the
prayers (Salat or Namaz) at He may have short sleep here, where
after he should enter Mecca.
From 13th onwards he may at Mecca for as long as he desires,
performing Umrah(s) and visiting Holy Places during his stay.
When he wishes to leave Mecca he should do the Tawaf-e-Wida
(Farewell) without Ramal. Farz Tawaf is also known as
Tawaf-e-Ziarat and as well as Tawaf-e-Afazah.
PROBLEM:- The most suitable time for shaving the head or hair
cut is the period known as Ayyam-e-Nah (Days of sacrifices)
which means 10th, 11th and 12th of Zil Hajj, the most auspicious
day is the 10th, if he does not have the hair cut by the 12th,
then Dam will become necessary.
This Tawaf-e-Wida is compulsory for those coming from other
places. After the Tawaf he should offer two rakat of Nafil, as
usual, at Maqame-e-Ibrahim are drink water at the Zamzam well
and pour it on his person. Then he should stand at the threshold
of the Kaba, kiss it by way of respect and reverence and offer
thanks to the Providence for enable him to perform Hajj and pray
its acceptance expressing at the same time his desire to enable
him to come and perform the pilgrimage again and again. His dua
should all inclusive and for all. Or he may recite this prayer;
(The Beggar has come at Your door-steps, he begs Your Blessing
and belief-full knowledge of You and entertains hope of Your
Mercy (O Allah!)
Then he should come to MULTAZIM and holding the covering (ghilaf)
of Kaaba and embracing it he should recite Zikr (remembrance of
Allah), Durood and dua as much as he can and before departing he
should recite comprehensive dua;
(All Praise id due to Allah Who guided unto this and we were not
able to guide ourselves unless Allah guided us. O Allah! grant
permissible. If he uses only three stones or does not use any
stone at all, a penance by way of Dam will be necessary. If he
uses only stones, then for each remains he will have to offer
PROBLEM:- To pick up stones from near about Jumra, is Makrooh
guidance as You have guided us for this and accept it as (endea
vour) from us and do not make this as the last promise (to
visit) for Your Sacred House (Bait il Haram) and grant me
subsistence to return to it (again and again) so long as You are
pleased, In the Name of Your Mercy, O the most Merciful of those
who show mercy. And all Praise is due for Allah the Lord
sustainer of (all) the worlds and Peace and grace of Allah be on
Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his kin and his companions).
Then kiss the Hajar-e-Aswad and recite this invocation (dua)
with all humility in heart and tears in the eyes;
(O Allah! the Provider of Felicity in His Land, I state witness
(or give evidence) of You (Your Favors) and Allah is Sufficient
as Witness. I give evidence (stand witness) by (the Faith) that
there in no god but Allah and I also give evidence (asa witness)
that Muhammad id The Apostle of Allah and I shall repeat and
proclaim this evidence in the Presence of Allah the Most
Dignified in the Day of Judgment, the Day of greatest mental
distraction. O Allah I stand witness in Your (Your Name) on this
(matter) and His great Angels state witness by this (truth). And
Allah Peace and grace be on our Master and Chief (saiyad) Hazrat
Muhammad (peace be upon him) and an progeny and companions all
Then retracing steps with and turning back towards Kaaba and
should the pricients through the door of Masjid-e-Haram by
placing the left foot our and reciting the usual dua is
prescribed while leaving the masjid (at any place). It is better
to come out through Bab ul Hazawarah (Note: while leaving the
bidding farewell (Wide) to Kaaba Sharif on can also walk
straight out of the
Masjid but he must bear the pangs of separation in his heart
which he can express by turning face to Kaaba again and again
which pacing out). Women in an unclean state due to Haiz
(menstruation) and Nifas (Bleeding on account of child birth)
must not go in, they should wait outside and last eyes of
sadness and grief on the Kaaba as expressions of separation.
After coming out on the open he must distribute alms and charity
among the beggars and destitutes who beg for help. Now his stay
and fulfillment of Hajj obligatours are over. He has now to make
preparations for journey to Madena ul Rasool Sallallaho Alaihe
Among the details mentioned in connection with the performance
of Hajj, some aspects are Farz, and some are Wajib, while some
are sunnat. If anything among the Farz is omitted by passed (for
any reasons) then the Hajj itself is rendered invalid. If any
Wajih is left over, the Hajj as a whole will not be affected but
it will he incomplete and the DAM (sacrifice permitance) will
become essential and the loss of sunnat will reduce the sawab
(award) to some extent.
The following things are Farz (compulsory) in the Hajj.
2. Wuqoof-e-Arafah (stay at Arafat). Which (latter) means that
in between the time from the decline of the sun in the 9th
till the down of 10th, one must stay at the Arafat.
3. Tawaf: Ziarat's greater part or minimum found circuitous (phera)
round should be spent in Tawaf.
4. Niyat or intent (details have gone earlier) by words of
5. Tarteeb (in serial order), performance of different
ceremonies\ritual in the ordained manner. It means the first of
all Ahram should be put on as without Ahram no Hajj (or Ummrah)
is neither possible nor permissible, then wuqoof at Arafat, then
6. To perform all Farz strictly at the prescribed time limit
(i.e. wuqoof, between 9th afternoon and 10th before the break
down and Tawaf Ziarat after the wuqoof.
7. Place or Site: Wuqoof on the plains of Arafat (or adjourning
areas in case of over crowding), Tawaf with the limits of Khana
In Hajj following things are wajib.
1. To put on Ahram form any of the prescribed Meeqats. One
should move ahead of Meeqat without Ahram. It is however
permissible if any one puts on Ahram before arriving at Meeqat.
2. Sa'ee (running between Safa and Marwa).
3. To begin Sa'ee from Safa.
4. To perform sa'ee on foot.
5. To do Tawaf before proceeding for Sa'ee.
6. If Arafa (staying at Arafat) is done during the day time,
then he must stay there till the sun set and come darkness of
night becomes visible.
7. It is wajib to begin wuqoof after the decline of sun at any
part of the day.
8. To follow Imam on return from Arafat. However if the Imam for
reason is late leaving Arafat, the pilgrim can start early.
9. To stay at Muzdalfah and offer Maghrib and Isha combined at
10. Rami: To strike Jumrah on 10th, 11th and 12th which means on
the 10th only at Jumratul Aqaba and strike stones on all three
Jumrah, on 11th and 12th.
11. Rami at Jumrah Aqaba on the first Day (10th) before the hair
12. To do rami on all days at the same time of each day.
13. Hair cut (shaving of head) or shortening the hair on the
Days of Nahr.
14. Greats part of the Tawaf-e-Afaza in Days of sacrifice (Ayyam-e-Nahr).
15. Tawaf after the Hateem by the right side, which means that
Kaaba should be on left side of the man doing Tawaf.
16. To do Tawaf on foot.
17. While doing Tawaf one should he with wazu or ghus'l
(ablution or bath). If he is without wazu or bath, he must start
18. To keep the shame parts of the body hidden while doing Tawaf.
19. To offer two rakats of Namaz after the Tawaf. This is wajib
but if not done, Dam will not be necessary, while for other
wajib referred to above and those follow, dam is essential if
any of these wajibs is omitted.
20. There should order in Rami slaughtering the animal and Halq
(head shave) and Tawaf one after the other.
21. TAWAF-E-SADR or the Farewell (Wida) for all those who live
beyond the territories of Meeqat.
22. Ladies who are in Menses or in uncleanliness should wait
till are purified. However in case of travel by caravan the
affected can leave with the Tawaf-e-Wida in that state if the
scheduled departure of the caravan is announced.
23. There should be no cohabiting with wife after the
Woquf-e-Arafa and before the hair cut, (Note: If during the
Tawaf the shame parts become open, the Dam shall become binding.
In addition to these wajibs there are some more wajibs on the
omission of which `dam' does not become binding. These are: (a)
on account of some ailment etc not to have hair shave.
(b) not to delay the Namaze Maghrib till the time of Isha so
that there be offered combinedly.
The following are sunnat in Hajj:
1. Tawaf-e-Qudoom (the First Tawaf which a non-resident of
2. To begins Tawaf From the Hajar-e-Aswad.
3. To do ramal in Tawafe Qudoom or Tawafe Farz.
4. Sa'ee between the Safa and Marwa.
5. Delivering khutba by the Imam on these dates namely on the
7th in Mecca, on the 9th at Arafat and on the 11th in Mina.
6. To depart from Mecca after Fajr prayer, on the 8th, so that
all the five prayers (namaz) could be offered at Mina.
7. To spend the night of 9th at Mina.
8. To proceed from Mina to Arafat after the sunrise
9. To have bath prior to going to Arafat for wuqoof.
10. To stay at Muzdalfa after the return from Arafat.
11. To start from Muzdalfa on way to Mina before the sun-rise.
12. To spend both the night of 10th and 11th at Mina.
13. If one stays at Mina till 13th then he should also stay in
Mina in the night past the 12th.
14. To alight or stay at the ABTAH in the valley of Muhassab,
even if it be for a short while (There are other aspects of
sunnat which we mentioned in the section titled